|Protection of the title of architect||Yes|
|Protection of the function of architects||No|
|Professional title||Architect, landscape architect, town planner or interior designer|
The architect does not have exclusive rights. Only the architect’s title is protected by the law of each Land, whatever the domain of intervention of the professional may be.
|Mandatory Registration||Yes, via a Chamber of one Lander |
- For architects, generally minimum of 4 years of academic training required for registration.
- For landscape architect, town planner and interior designer: 3 or 4 years (depending on the particular state law).
- Exceptionally, Bachelor of 3 years is accepted by 3 Landers for registration, provided that the applicant has 4 to 6 years of obligatory professional experience (Bavaria 6 years + additional examination; Hessen 4 years; Schleswig-Holstein 4 years).
- Compulsory registration with the Chamber of Architects of one of the Lander. Registration is based on an assessment carried out by an independent jury of professionals headed by a magistrate or a lawyer. There is provision for an appeal process.
|If yes, Where ?||Bundesarchitektenkammer (BAK)|
|Competent authority||16 Chambers of Architects of the Landers, whereas the National Chamber of Architects (BAK) is representing the interests of the 16 Chambers on Federal and European level. Each Land has its own regulations. Registration with a Chamber is compulsory in order to use the title.|
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• Universities (= +- 40% of architects): Numerus clausus or entrance examination
- Bachelor of 3 years comprising 6 months of internship
- Master’s degree 2 years, also 1 year possible.
- Formerly (before implementation of Bologna-Accord) Diploma of Engineer (Dipl.-Ing.), today Bachelor (BA) and Master (MA).
• Fachhochschulen (= +- 60% of architects):
- 3 or 5 years of academic studies (BA and MA as 3+2 or 4+1)
- Formerly (before implementation of Bologna-Accord) Diploma of Engineer (Dipl.-Ing. FH), today Bachelor (BA) and Master (MA).
- There is a guide (suggesting a curriculum) for schools issued by the Chambers
- Schools providing BA and MA courses must be accredited by independent accreditation bodies.
- Students can practise the profession during their internship and as employed graduates (after diploma examination) even before registration with one of the Chambers.
- Continued training after registration: is not compulsory in all Lander. In some Lander 2 days of training per year are required. In others, the requirement is 32 points in two years (one point is equivalent to 45 minutes of courses or seminars or 2 x 45’ of professional visits or excursions.)
- Different curricula for architects, landscape architects, interior architects and town planners.
|Additional compulsory practical training- internship||2 years (3 years in Saarland)|
In certain Lander , the two years practice must be accompanied by complementary training (some Lander recommend, organise, or even impose complementary professional training - for example 80 hours in Hessen or Northrhein-Westfalia).
|Requirement for undertaking a period of traineeship||Final diploma|
|Period of traineeship supervised (overseen) |
By who ?
|Practical training period|
To which conditions
|Architects’ office or public administration|
Always under direction of an architect
|Number of hours per month required|
|Compulsory Professional examination||No|
|Complementary professional education||8 hours seminar (in some Lander)|
|Remuneration of the Traineeship||Yes, by individual employment contracts|
|Specific supplementary courses organised||Yes|
|Model form of contract available||No|
|Traineeship and practical experience undertaken abroad taken into account||Individual approval by the Chamber of Architects possible|
|Evaluation of the Traineeship||Yes|
|Evaluation method used|| List of exper.?|
Presentation of a portfolio
Appeal possible in case of refusal
5 years for private and public buildings, (counted from acceptance, other terms of liability subject to contractual agreement).Read the insurance sheet
|Does a system of CPD for architects exists in your country ?||Yes|
|If yes: |
- Is it compulsory ?
- Is it encouraged ?
- Is it free ?
|If it is compulsory,|
is it required by law,
or by a Code of Conduct ?
|required by law|
|If it is regulated, who regulates the system:|
a professional body,
a governmental body,
a combination of the two ?
a professional body
|Is it organised ?||Yes|
|Who provides the courses:||Training mainly provided by the architect’s chambers|
|What level of training is provided:|
|Are certain subjects mandatory ?||Yes|
|What types of activities or provisions are accepted :|
|Do you have any evaluation criteria for the CPD material ?||No|
|Who recognize (accredits) these trainings :||Architect’s Chambers of the Lander|
|Development of the trainings :|
A. Estimated number of courses / year
B. Estimated number of participants / year
C. Estimated lesson hours / year
|Level of requirements for the architects :||32 points on 2 years = 12 hours per year |
|Is this required level validated or checked and how:|
A. Not requested,
B. Self-assessment of value,
C. Attendance tracking,
D. Self-assessment using self-test,
E. By regular checks,
H. Others means (e.g. electronic monitoring) ?
|Not requested in most Lander, by regular checks in Hesse and North Rhine-Westphalia |
|Is training (provision) delivered abroad accepted ?|
|What kind of sanction is applied for the non-compliance with CPD obligation:|
C. Expulsion from the register,
D. Other ?
|Reprimand in some Lander, expulsion from the register in Hesse and North Rhine-Westphalia|
|Do you have a database of the content of your CPD Programme ?|
What requirements must a European architects fulfil to practice in this country ?
Registration by an architect’s chamber