. Agreement on Government Procurement (GPA)
The GPA is a plurilateral agreement within the framework of the World Trade Organisation (WTO). At present, the Agreement comprises 43 WTO members. Another 28 WTO members participate in the GPA Committee as observers. The aim of the GPA is to open government procurement markets mutually among its parties. The GPA is composed mainly of two parts:
- the text of the Agreement, which establishes rules requiring that open, fair and transparent conditions of competition be ensured in government procurement. However, these rules do not automatically apply to all procurement activities of each party.
- the http://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/gproc_e/gp_app_agree_e.htmcoverage schedules, which determines whether a procurement activity is covered by the Agreement or not.
Learn more about the GPA on the http://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/gproc_e/gp_gpa_e.htmWTO website.
. Trade in Services Agreement (TiSA)
The Trade in Services Agreement (TiSA) is a trade agreement currently being negotiated by 23 members of the World Trade Organisation (WTO), including the EU. TiSA aims at opening up markets and improving rules in areas such as licensing, financial services, telecoms, e-commerce, maritime transport, and professionals moving abroad temporarily to provide services. It is based on the WTO's General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS), which involves all WTO members. http://ec.europa.eu/trade/policy/in-focus/tisa/Learn more about the TiSA on the Commission website.
. Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP)
The Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) is a trade agreement that is presently being negotiated between the European Union and the United States. It aims at removing trade barriers in a wide range of economic sectors to make it easier to buy and sell goods and services between the EU and the US. On top of cutting tariffs across all sectors, the EU and the US want to tackle barriers behind the customs border – such as differences in technical regulations, standards and approval procedures. The TTIP negotiations will also look at opening markets for services, investment, and public procurement. http://ec.europa.eu/trade/policy/in-focus/ttip/Learn more about the TTIP on the Commission website.
Intellectual Property Rights
. IPR Helpdesks in China The China IPR SME Helpdesk supports European Union (EU) small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) to both protect and enforce their Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) in or relating to China, through the provision of free information and services. These take the form of jargon-free, first-line, confidential advice on intellectual property and related issues, plus training, materials and online resources.
. IPR Helpdesks in South-East Asia The ASEAN IPR SME Helpdesk supports European Union (EU) small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) to both protect and enforce their Intellectual Property (IP) rights in or relating to ASEAN, through the provision of free information and services. These take the form of jargon-free, first-line, confidential advice on intellectual property and related issues, plus training, materials and online resources.
. IPR Helpdesks in Mercosur
(Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay, Uruguay and Venezuela) - The Mercosur IPR SME Helpdesk offers free of charge, first-line support on IP and IP rights matters to facilitate the expansion of European SMEs (EU SMEs and SMEs from the Associated countries) already established at, or working with entities in MERCOSUR and Chile as well as those potentially interested in establishing commercial and R&D activities and ventures in these countries.
. EU-US transatlantic IPR portal The United States and the European Union share the aim of helping businesses–particularly small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs)–protect and enforce their intellectual property rights in foreign markets around the world. This portal will make it easier to find resources related to intellectual property rights for businesses.