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ACE Member organisation

Conseil National de l'Ordre des Architectes (CNOA)

19/4, Rue des Chartreux- 1000 Bruxelles
Phone: + 32 2 627 88 10
Fax: + 32 2 627 88 19
Email: nationale.raad(at)cnoa-nroa(dot)be / conseil.national(at)cnoa-nroa(dot)be

Fédération Royale des Sociétés d'Architectes de Belgique (FAB)

Rue Ernest Allard, 21 - 1000 Bruxelles
Phone: + 32 2 512 34 52
Fax: + 32 2 502 82 04
Email: info(at)fab-arch(dot)be


Professional title

Protection of the title of architectYes
Protection of the function of architectsYes
Professional titleArchitect or Architect-engineer
Mandatory RegistrationYes
If yes, Where ? FR: Conseil National de l’Ordre des Architectes (CNOA) / NL: Nationale Raad van de Orde van Architecten –(NROA)

Access to the profession: How to become an architect in this country ?

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• Bachelor 3 years + Masters 2 years
• Final examination of the academic training giving access to the diploma    
• 2 Years Professional training (compulsory)  - Possibility of extension (additional 6 months or 1 year if necessary)


Additional compulsory practical training- internship2 Years (can be extended 6 months or 1 year)
Requirement for undertaking a period of traineeship

Yes. Art. 50,51, 52 Law June 26th 1963 on the installation of the Order of Architects

Period of traineeship supervised (overseen)Yes

• The PPE mentor must be registered with the Order for more than 10 years.
• A follow-up conducted by each PPE committee of the 10 provincial councils of the Order

By who Conseil National de l’Ordre des Architectes (CNOA)
Practical training period 24 months (minimum + 6 months or 1 year if necessary) with period of 6 months minimum
To which conditions?

Architect’s office
Public administration
Other actors (companies, manufacturers, contractors), possible 6 months maximum

Conditions: Minimum 10 years of experience for the employers - mentor
Maximum 2 trainees per mentor
Employers - mentors need to be registered
Number of hours per month required 120 hours per month
Compulsory Professional examinationNo
Complementary professional educationNo
Remuneration of the TraineeshipYes (12-19 €/hour gross)
Trainee accompaniedYes  by a provincial council member of the Order
Specific supplementary courses organised No
Model form of contract available Yes, it is provided when enlisted on the list of trainees
Traineeship and practical experience undertaken abroad taken into account experience Yes
Evaluation of the TraineeshipYes, every 6 months and at the end
Evaluation method used

- Submission of certification that the traineeship has been succesfully completed
- 6 months training plan

- Evaluation every six months at the provincial council of the order

- Presentation of a portfolio at the end of the traineeship

Additional notes:

- On the francophone side, each of the Superior Institutes of Architecture (ISA) have joined since September 2010 a university within a new department (faculty) of architecture. The Architect-engineers, for their part, belong (like other engineers) to faculties of Applied Sciences (except at the UCL where they have joined the new department of Architecture).
- On the Flemish side, the Institutes of Architecture were integrated in the (multidisciplinary) “grandes écoles”, while Architect-engineers are trained by three universities.
- Civil engineers working in construction can also practise as architects if they have carried out their professional internship of two years (but they are not recognized at European level).
- In some local Councils (level of Belgian “province”), specialised internships (for example in a company) or certain training courses can sometimes be taken into account as part of the work experience (6 months maximum). The internship must be monitored by an internship mentor that complies with the legal requirements.
- It must be pointed out that from the beginning of his/her traineeship, the trainee can already take some personal project in charge.

Liability and insurance

Are Architects obligation to carry insurance?


Legal Basis:
- what are the most commonly used Term and Conditions:

Art. 2, §4 Law of February 20th 1939 on the protection of the title and on the profession of architect.

What are the requirements for obtaining  Insurance?


How are insurance premiums calculated?

Up to the insurance companies to decide

What forms of Insurance contract exist:

10 years (counted from acceptance) + non-contractual liability of 20 years.
A civil liability insurance is compulsory (imposed by the law and the Code of Conduct)

Insurances / Agents:


Continuous Professional Development

Does a system of CPD for architects exists in your country ?Yes
If yes:
- Is it compulsory ?
- Is it encouraged ?
- Is it free ?

It is not yet compulsory. It is encouraged, participation is voluntarily.
Architects are able to earn points. From the moment CPD will be compulsory, the points will possibly be taken into account.

Most of the organisations, who are offering CPD, charge a fee for participation.

If it is compulsory,
is it required by law,
or by a Code of Conduct ?
If it is regulated, who regulates the system:
a professional body,
a governmental body,
a combination of the two ?

Once regulated, the regulation will be taken in charge by the NROA and the CNOA

Is it organised ?

YES. On a regional scale (NROA and CNOA)

Who provides the courses: Professional organizations, law firms, private companies etc.
What level of training is provided:General awareness (keeping up to date),
Regulations and legislation,
Professional expertise,
Local issues, etc.
Are certain subjects mandatory ? Not really, off course courses have to be related to the profession
What types of activities or provisions are accepted :

- Courses

- Readings

- Seminars

- Trainings

- Excursions

- Educations

- Symposiums

- Workshops

Do you have any evaluation criteria for the CPD material ?No
Who recognize (accredits) these trainings : A team of council members (per region NROA and CNOA)
Development of the trainings :
A. Estimated number of courses / year
B. Estimated number of participants / y
C. Estimated lesson hours / year

Differs by activity/organisation:


- Some activities/trainings are organized once a year

- Some activities/trainings are held once.

- Some activities/training are organized a few times a year.


Depending on the activity/organisation


Depending on the activity/organisation
Level of requirements for the architects : Not yet determined
Is this required level validated or checked and how:
A. Not requested,
B. Self-assessment of value,
C. Attendance tracking,
D. Self-assessment using self-test,
E. By regular checks,
F. Examination,
G. Thesis,
H. Others means (e.g. electronic monitoring) ?

C. Attendance tracking

E. By regular checks,
Is training (provision) delivered abroad accepted ?Yes
What kind of sanction is applied for the non-compliance with CPD obligation:
A. none,
B.  Reprimand,
C. Expulsion from the register,
D. Other ?
Do you have a database of the content of your CPD Programme ?

YES, we provide a free platform in which an overview of acknowledged courses can be consulted.  

Requirements to practice in this country

What requirements must a European architect fulfil to practice in this country?


  • the form of prior declaration
  • the form "Declaration regarding the architect's assignment"
  • where appropriate, for each building permit request, in order to obtain the necessary certificate, a "Declaration form regarding the architect's assignment"

Required documents:
1° a certificate demonstrating that the person in question legally performs the activities concerned in the Member State where he is established;
2° a certificate that demonstrates that the person concerned holds one of the diplomas, certificates or other titles, included in the annex to the Law of 20 February 1939 on the protection of the title and the profession of architect;
3° [if neither the profession nor the education providing access to the profession is regulated in the member state of establishment, a certificate that demonstrates that the service provider has exercised the profession of architect for at least one year in the ten years preceding the service provision] ;
4°an insurance certificate regarding professional liability, including ten-year liability. The certificate can be issued by an insurance company of another Member State if it indicates that the insurer complies with the legal and administrative rules applicable in Belgium regarding the nature and extent of the cover. These rules are included in article 9 of the Law of 20 February 1939, and in the Royal Decree of 25 April 2007.
5°a proof of nationality of the service provider.

For Permanent establishment in Belgium the architect has to register with the Provincial Council of the Order of Architects competent for the chosen location for the exercise of the profession



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